Corrective Jaw (Orthognathic)

Surgery is sometimes needed when orthodontics is not enough to correct a misaligned bite. In other cases, surgical treatment is necessary to repair congenital abnormalities (congenital disabilities) or to treat severe orthodontic conditions, skeletal problems, and other disorders. In this procedure, usually performed under general anaesthesia, the bones of the face and jaw may be reshaped and repositioned, and the jaws and teeth realigned. Oral surgeons often work closely with orthodontists in planning and carrying out this type of surgery, which may be needed when orthodontics alone can’t correct the problem.

Cleft lip /palate surgery is a specific kind of surgery often performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons to correct the changes in facial structure caused by this congenital disability.

Reconstructive surgery may be necessary after traumatic dental injury or facial trauma, which can result from an auto accident, a workplace injury, and many other causes. This surgery is also sometimes needed following the removal of a tumour or another operation. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons specialise in repairing and reconstructing facial structures and are adept at working with both hard and soft tissues.

These specialists can also set a solid foundation for cosmetic and restorative dental work, including the placement of dental implants, the system of tooth replacement preferred by many patients. Depending on the condition of the jaw, bone grafting procedures may be required for proper placement of the implants in the jaw. When dentures are the chosen tooth replacement method, oral surgeons can smooth and reshape alveolar (jaw) bone as needed, to ensure a comfortable fit in the mouth.

In addition to these conventional procedures, oral and maxillofacial surgeons may be called on to consult with cases of obstructive sleep apnea, facial pain and infection, biopsies and removal of lesions, and diagnosis and treatment of some oral cancers. The extensive clinical experience these specialists bring to their patients can provide help when it is needed most.


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