Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology


Oral Maxillofacial Radiology (OMR) is a dental speciality that deals with the use of X-rays (radiographic imaging) to diagnose and treat diseases or disorders of the mouth, teeth, face and jaw (the maxillofacial region). OMR utilises a combination of standard film X-rays, and digital and panoramic X-rays (radiographs providing a panoramic view of upper and lower dental arches and the temporomandibular joints). OMR also involves the use of radiation and radioactive materials to treat diseases of the mouth and jaws.

Types of Oral Maxillofacial Radiography:

 -> Digital Imaging: Faster and easier than conventional X-rays, dental imaging with digital X-ray sensors provides high-definition, three-dimensional digital images with 90 percent less radiation exposure than conventional film radiography for diagnosing a wide array of conditions. Digital images can be enlarged and enhanced for better diagnostic detail and accuracy.

  ->Plain and Computed Tomography (CT): A CT scan — also known as computerised axial tomography (CAT) scan — is a diagnostic procedure using special X-ray equipment to obtain cross-sectional pictures of bones and soft tissue, including organs, muscles, and tumours. The CT computer displays these components as detailed three-dimensional images with minimal distortion. CT provides image information not obtainable with intraoral or panoramic radiography. CT scanning also is highly useful for examining and diagnosing regions requiring possible endodontic therapy

  ->Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Used to evaluate and treat TMJ, trauma, disease or abnormal conditions like oral cancer, an MRI is a radiology technique that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer to produce highly detailed images of body structures.

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